Is Contract Marriage Valid in India

Contract Marriage in India: Legal or Not?

Marriage is considered as a sacred institution in India and it is legally binding. However, in recent years, the concept of contract marriages has been gaining popularity, especially among celebrities and wealthy individuals. But the question remains – Is contract marriage valid in India? Let`s find out.

What is a Contract Marriage?

A contract marriage is a type of marriage that is based on a legal contract between two individuals, which specifies the terms and conditions of the marriage. It is essentially a marriage of convenience, where the two parties agree to enter into a marriage for a specific purpose, such as immigration benefits or financial gains. Once the purpose is achieved, the couple can choose to divorce or annul the marriage.

Is Contract Marriage Legal in India?

In India, marriage is governed by various laws such as the Hindu Marriage Act, Special Marriage Act, and Muslim Personal Law. These laws recognize marriage as a union between two individuals based on mutual consent and understanding. The concept of contract marriage is not recognized by these laws. Hence, contract marriage is illegal in India.

Moreover, section 10 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872, states that agreements that are based on unlawful consideration or against public policy are void. Contract marriage falls under this category as it involves marrying for an unlawful purpose, such as obtaining citizenship or financial benefits.

Legal Consequences of Contract Marriage

Entering into a contract marriage in India can have serious legal consequences. It can result in criminal charges and imprisonment under section 417 and 418 of the Indian Penal Code, which deals with cheating and fraud. The individuals involved in such marriages can also face deportation, denial of citizenship, and legal consequences in their home country.


In conclusion, contract marriage in India is not legal and is considered as an unlawful act. It is imperative that individuals understand the legal and moral implications of such marriages before entering into one. The Indian legal system recognizes marriage as a sacred institution based on mutual trust and understanding and any violation of this trust can have serious consequences. It is always advisable to adhere to the laws and regulations in place to avoid any legal complications in the future.